Diabetes better known as diabetes mellitus is condition in which the body is not able to produce insulin or utilize the insulin produced. Insulin is produced in the pancreas’ beta cells of islet of Langerhans.
There are two major types of diabetes mellitus, DM type 1 and type 2. DM type 1 is insulin dependent and it mostly begins at childhood. Pancreas cannot produce insulin or it produces less insulin. The affected people have to inject insulin through their skin into the adipose tissues. In DM type 2 the body’s cells does not utilize stored glucose. As a result blood sugar levels go up. Type 2 diabetes may be genetics or caused by obesity and the kind of food people consume.
Diabetes and nutrition is better explained in DM type 2. Obesity is a risk factor. Energy storage is in excess for an obese person as compared to a person with a normal BMI. The excess energy is converted into glucose resulting to a high blood sugar because the cells might not be able to utilize the excess glucose. Such a person should work towards changing their lifestyle. Carbohydrates, fats and proteins, in this case, should be consumed in moderation. High fiber, legumes, low fat milk and whole grains are the best carbohydrates for diabetic patients. They take long to get digested regulating blood sugar unlike other carbohydrates that are digested faster leading to a quick rise in blood sugar levels. Empty carbohydrates such as sweets, biscuits and sodas should be avoided at all cost because they only contain refined sugars which contributed to higher levels of sugars in the blood.The patients are advised to take unsaturated fats. Fat should constitute only 35% of their meals. If possible, the patients should avoid using fat to prepare every meal. An example is boiling cabbages and kales instead of buttering them. Proteins should contain low to no fat, for example, lean meat. The diabetic patients are advised to take protein 2 to 3 times a week and should constitute 15% of the meal. Here is a guide of the best food for diabetic people to take.
The overweight and obese patients are supposed to exercise to burn the excess fat. The exercises run for 30 minutes 3 to 4 times a week. You will find Here guides to exercising at home or the gym.